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使用phpunit进行接口自动化测试教程

更新时间:2021-10-21 01:24:01 作者:admin 浏览:224

使用phpunit进行接口自动化测试教程

  之前一个偶然的机会接触到了phpunit,一个用PHP编程语言开发的开源软件,也是一个单元测试框架,有效利用的话可以大大提高接口遍历的效率。废话不多说,直接干货。

  1.安装

  在php的目录下

  pear channel-discover pear;

  pear install phpunit/PHPUnit

使用phpunit进行接口自动化测试教程

  2.配置

  首先新建一个lib文件夹存放的配置文件,然后再新建一个transfer.php的文件

  function do_Post($url, $fields, $extraheader = array()){

  $ch = curl_init();

  curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $url);

  curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POST, true);

  curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $fields );

  curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, $extraheader);

  curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true); // 获取数据返回

  $output = curl_exec($ch);

  curl_close($ch);

  return $output;

  }

  function do_Get($url, $extraheader = array()){

  $ch = curl_init();

  curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $url);

  curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, $extraheader);

  curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true); // 获取数据返回:

  //curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_VERBOSE, true);

  $output = curl_exec($ch) ;

  curl_close($ch);

  return $output;

  }

  function do_Put($url, $fields, $extraheader = array()){

  $ch = curl_init();

  curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $url ) ;

  curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POST, true) ;

  curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST, 'PUT');

  curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $fields );

  curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, $extraheader);

  curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true); // 获取数据返回

  //curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_ENCODING, '');

  $output = curl_exec($ch);

  curl_close($ch);

  return $output;

  }

  function do_Delete($url, $fields, $extraheader = array()){

  $ch = curl_init();

  curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $url ) ;

  curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POST, true);

  curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST, 'DELETE');

  curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $fields);

  curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, $extraheader);

  curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true); // 获取数据返回

  //curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_ENCODING, '');

  $output = curl_exec($ch);

  curl_close($ch);

  return $output;

  }

  最后新建一个basetest.php文件

  require_once("transfer.php");

  define("PREFIX", "http://xxx");

  define("HTTPSPREFIX", "https://xxx");

  function build_get_param($param) {

  return http_build_query($param);

  }

  到此接口测试环境搭建完成。

  3.编写测试用例

  $basedir = dirname(__FILE__);

  require_once($basedir . '/lib/basetestdev.php');

  define("PHONE", "xxx");

  define("PWD", "xxx");

  define("POSTURL","xxx");

  class TestAPI extends PHPUnit_Framework_TestCase {

  private function call_http($path, $param, $expect = 'ok') {

  $_param = build_get_param($param);

  $url = PREFIX . "$path?" . $_param;

  $buf = do_Get($url);

  $obj = json_decode($buf, True);

  $this->assertEquals($obj['retval'], $expect);

  return $obj;

  }

  private function call_https($path, $param, $expect = 'ok') {

  $_param = build_get_param($param);

  $url = HTTPSPREFIX . "$path?" . $_param;

  $buf = do_Get($url);

  $obj = json_decode($buf, True);

  $this->assertEquals($obj['retval'], $expect);

  return $obj;

  }

  public function testLogin(){

  $param = array(

  'type' => 'phone'

  ,'token' => PHONE

  ,'password' => PWD

  );

  $url = 'login';

  return $this->call_http($url, $param);

  }

  /**

  * @depends testLogin

  */

  public function testInfo(array $user){

  $session = $user['retinfo']['session'];

  $param = array(

  'session' => $session

  );

  $url ='info';

  return $this->call_http($url, $param);

  }

  如果为post请求

  public function testPost(){

  $session = $user['retinfo']['sessionid'];

  $param = array(

  ,'data' => '111'

  );

  $url = POSTURL.'posturl';

  return do_POST($url,$param);

  }

  以上是关于使用phpunit进行接口自动化测试的教程,由多测师亲自撰写。https://www.aichudan.com/

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